At last, the design is beginning to assume its responsibility and is entering an ‘ecological stage’. Attention to the environment, sustainable production, natural or recycled materials… a new way of thinking about objects begins: eco-design .
What is eco-design
Faced with the awareness of the limits of excessive and destructive consumerism, the global economic crisis and the great problems linked to the limitation of natural resources and world pollution, design also begins to discover an ecological awareness .
And to rethink their approach to everyday objects.
A new design of goods and services is required, more sustainable, capable of producing without destroying , capable of imagining the products that surround us thinking about their future, when they will no longer be needed.
Finally we begin to design a sustainable use of the object also taking into account its life cycle and also foreseeing its end.
For a long time limited to a few eco-radicals, the design of a sustainable object has finally become something serious. And they try to imagine everyday objects through other ways of producing and consuming them, taking inspiration from nature and respecting their functioning.
Now we think about an object, its consumption, its shape inspired by the greatest designer of all time: Mother Nature!
The idea of the object
Before even drawing it, the designer must think about the essential qualities of the object and imagine the impact that its use will have on the environment in the future. For this reason, the choice of recyclable materials therefore becomes a priority, but the availability of these resources in the environment must also be taken into account.
It will therefore have to aim for local materials, which do not require expensive processing.
One way is the IKEA approach, letting the consumer
assemble the furniture themselves, thus reducing the costs of storage, packaging and transport.
The goal is total biodegradability, zero impact on the environment. For example, the “Papcorn” dinner service is entirely biodegradable, because it is made from wheat, corn and lactic acid, or the spoon-biscuit, which is eaten with coffee!